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0 Series Shinkansen
0 Series R68 Himeji 2008
0 Series set R68 on a Hikari service at Himeji Station in December 2008 on the last day of the sets' operation.
Details

Year(s) built

1963 – 1986

Builder(s)

Hitachi, Kawasaki Sharyo, Kinki Sharyo, Kisha Seizō, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation

Number Produced

3,216 cars

Formations

4, 6, 8, 12 or 16 cars per set

Years in Operation

1 October 1964 – 14 December 2008

Fleet Numbers

H1 – H96, K1 – K47, K51 – K54, K56, K58 – K59, K65, K75 – K78, K82 – K83, K85 – K88, K90, N1 – N96, NH1 – NH40, NH43, NH46, NH48 – NH49, NH54, NH61, NH67, NH82, NH88, NH97, NH99, Q1 – Q6, R1 – R31, R51 – R54, R61 – R68, S1 – S47, S73 – S78, S80 – S81, S86, S88, S93 – S95, S98, SK2, SK4 – SK14, SK16 – SK21, SK25 – SK27, SK32 – SK33, SK44, SK46, SK57 – SK58, SK70, SK78 – SK79, SK82 – SK85, SK87, SK89 – SK93, SK96 – SK97, SK99, T11 – T16, Y1, Y15, Y22 – Y24, Y28 – Y29, Y36, Y45, Y73, Y80, YK2 – YK4, YK6 – YK9, YK11 – YK16, YK18, YK20 – YK22, YK24, YK26 – YK45, YK49, YK57 – YK58, YK70, YK81, YK87, YK89 – YK93, YK99

Classification

Unknown

Type of Electric Train

EMU

Dimensions
(l × w × h)

990 in (25,150 mm) (end car only) x 133.2 in (3,383 mm) x 177 in (4,490 mm)

Number Operational

None

Number Preserved

27 cars

Number Scrapped

3,189 cars

Power Source

Pantograph

Electric system(s)

25 kV AC (60 Hz)

Gauge

4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm)

V - E - T - D
0 Q4 Kodama Hakata

0 Series set Q4 approaching Hakata Station in July 1998.
Photo: D.A.J. Fossett

The 0 Series is a high-speed EMU, that was the first Shinkansen class to be built in Japan for the Japanese National Railways, which was built from 1963 for the Tōkaidō Shinkansen which opened in 1964.

HistoryEdit

These Shinkansen sets entered service in October 1964, and were originally unclassified; they were retrospectively named as the 0 Series later as there was no need to distinguish classes of trains on the Shinkansen at the time. These trainsets were the first Japanese trains to be built as standard gauge (4ft 8½ in [1,435mm]), however, Japan's previously built networks were built as narrow gauge (3ft 6in [1,067mm]) lines. The first trainsets were built as 12-car sets, but later there were 16-car sets, 6-car sets and 4-car sets; the last two of which were used for lighter duties. The 0 Series was built from 1964 to 1986. This means a staggering 3,216 cars were built, but only 27 have been preserved. The last of the line were 6-car sets working on stopping duties on the Hakata-Minami line. These were finally retired on the 30th of November 2008. There were commemorative Hikari runs in December of that year, and the last 0 Series set, R61, pulled into Hakata Station at 6:01pm on the 14th of December 2008, bringing to a close 44 years of service of the 0 Series trainsets.

IdentificationEdit

The original 0 Series trainsets can be recognized by their white units with blue stripe on either side at window height, and another blue stripe on the very bottom edge of the bodies above the wheels. These units can also be identified by the circular lights, which are uncommon on Shinkansen services. Later sets used on the Kodama service used the "fresh green" paint scheme shared with the later 100 Series sets used on the same services.

Set TypesEdit

  • 12-car H/K/N/R/S sets
  • 12-car H/K/N/R/S/T Kodama sets
  • 16-car H/K/N/R/S Hikari sets
  • 16-car K Kodama sets
  • 16-car H Hikari restaurant car sets
  • 16-car NH Hikari sets
  • 16-car YK sets
  • 12-car SK sets
  • 4-car Q sets
  • 6-car R sets

SpecificationsEdit

The bodies of the sets were constructed of steel. The trains used brushed DC motors with a secondary tap changer drive. The sets were 133.2 in (3,383 mm) wide and 177 in (4,490 mm) high. The end cars were 990 in (25,150 mm) in length, and the intermediate cars were slightly shorter at 980 in (25,000 mm). A single set could hold between 368 and 1,340 people depending on the number of cars. The pantograph carried 25 kV, AC power at 60 Hz. Top speed was 140 mph (220 km/h).

ReferencesEdit

Shinkansen
Active JR West 500700N700W7
JR East E2E3E4E5E6E7
JR Central 700N700
JR Kyushu N700800
JR Hokkaido H5
Withdrawn JR West 0100300
JR East 200400E1
JR Central 0100300
Future JR Central L0N700S
Non-revenue JNR Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
JR West Class 922Class 923WIN350
JR East Class 925E926ALFA-XFastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
JR Central Class 922Class 923300X
RTRI FGT-9000GCT01GCT01-200ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JGR/JNR multiple units
JGR Wooden-bodied EMUs Commuter: 1963625062606280628563006310634033400335004320063100
Steel-bodied EMUs Commuter: 303132334042505162637072
Express: 5280
Non-revenue EMUs Non-revenue: 793493
DMUs Constant mesh gearbox: KiHa 01KiHa 04KiHa 07KiHa 5000KiHa 40000
Diesel-electric: KiHaNi 36450KiHa 43000KiHa 44000
Miscellaneous: KiSaHa 04
JNR AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100200
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
Commuter: 711713715717
Limited Express: 781
DC EMUs Commuter: 101103105111113115117119121123201203205207211213301
Limited Express: 151153155157159161165167169181183185189381
Non-revenue: 141143145147191193443495791
Proposed: 187
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415417419
Limited Express: 455485489583
Non-revenue: 591
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 08KiHa 10KiHa 15KiHa 20KiHa 31KiHa 32KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 40KiHa 45KiHa 54KiHa 66
Express: KiHa 55KiHa 56KiHa 57KiHa 58KiHa 60KiHa 65KiHa 90
Limited Express: KiHa 80KiHa 181KiHa 183KiHa 185
Non-revenue: KiYa 191KiHa 391
JR West multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: 500700N700W7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 923
DC EMUs Commuter: 103105113115117123125201205207213221223225227321323
Limited Express: 281283285287289381
Non-revenue: 145213/223-9000443
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415521
Limited Express: 681683
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 120KiHa 121/126KiHa 122/127
Limited Express: KiHa 187KiHa 189
Non-revenue: KiYa 141
Hybrid DEMUs Charter: 87
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100300
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922WIN350
DC EMUs Commuter: 4283101211
Limited Express: 165167183
Non-revenue: 9091441
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 419455457471475
Limited Express: 485489583
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 33KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 45KiHa 52
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 181
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
JR Central multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: 700N700
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 923
DC EMUs Commuter: 211213311313
Limited Express: 285373383
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 11KiHa 25KiHa 75
Limited Express: KiHa 85
Non-revenue: KiYa 95KiYa 97
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100300
Non-revenue Shinkansen: 300XClass 922
DC EMUs Commuter: 12103105113115117119123
Limited Express: 165371381
Non-revenue: 90145193
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 30KiHa 40
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 80
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: N700S
Maglevs Maglev: L0
DMUs Limited Express: Unclassified "Hida" locomotive
JR multiple units
Shinkansen
Active JR West 500700N700W7
JR East E2E3E4E5E6E7
JR Central 700N700
JR Kyushu N700800
JR Hokkaido H5
Withdrawn JR West 0100300
JR East 200400E1
JR Central 0100300
Future JR Central L0N700S
Non-revenue JNR Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
JR West Class 922Class 923WIN350
JR East Class 925E926ALFA-XFastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
JR Central Class 922Class 923300X
RTRI FGT-9000GCT01GCT01-200ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JR East multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: E2E3E4E5E6E7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: E926
Commuter: 701719E721
Limited Express: E751
DC EMUs Commuter: 115E127E129205209211215E217E231E233E235
Limited Express: 185189251253255E257E259E353
Non-revenue: 143145209-0
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 415E501E531
Limited Express: 485651E653E657
Charter: E655
Non-revenue: E491
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 100KiHa E120KiHa E130KiHa 141
Express: KiHa 58
Non-revenue: KiYa E193KiYa E195
AC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E801
DC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E301
Non-revenue: E995
Hybrid MUs Commuter: KiHa E200HB-E210
Charter: E001HB-E300
Other MUs Non-revenue: E991
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 200400E1
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 925Fastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
Commuter: 715717
Non-revenue: 740743
DC EMUs Commuter: 12101103105107113123201203207301E331
Limited Express: 157165167169183E351
Non-revenue: 90193901E993
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 417451453455457
Limited Express: 489583
Non-revenue: 441443497E991
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 45
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
Hybrid MUs Non-revenue: KiYa E991
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: ALFA-X
DC EMUs Limited Express: E261
DMUs Commuter: GV-E400
JR West multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: 500700N700W7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 923
DC EMUs Commuter: 103105113115117123125201205207213221223225227321323
Limited Express: 281283285287289381
Non-revenue: 145213/223-9000443
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415521
Limited Express: 681683
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 120KiHa 121/126KiHa 122/127
Limited Express: KiHa 187KiHa 189
Non-revenue: KiYa 141
Hybrid DEMUs Charter: 87
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100300
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922WIN350
DC EMUs Commuter: 4283101211
Limited Express: 165167183
Non-revenue: 9091441
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 419455457471475
Limited Express: 485489583
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 33KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 45KiHa 52
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 181
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
JR Central multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: 700N700
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 923
DC EMUs Commuter: 211213311313
Limited Express: 285373383
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 11KiHa 25KiHa 75
Limited Express: KiHa 85
Non-revenue: KiYa 95KiYa 97
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100300
Non-revenue Shinkansen: 300XClass 922
DC EMUs Commuter: 12103105113115117119123
Limited Express: 165371381
Non-revenue: 90145193
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 30KiHa 40
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 80
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: N700S
Maglevs Maglev: L0
DMUs Limited Express: Unclassified "Hida" locomotive
JR Kyushu multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: N700800
Commuter: 713811813815817
Limited Express: 783787883885
DC EMUs Commuter: 103303305
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 415
Limited Express: 485
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 31KiHa 40KiHa 66KiHa 125KiHa 200
Express: KiHa 58
Limited Express: KiHa 71KiHa 72KiHa 185
Charter: KiHa 183-1000
AC BEMUs Commuter: BEC819
Withdrawn AC EMUs Commuter: 715717
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 457475
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 45
Express: KiHa 65
Future AC EMUs Commuter: 821
Hybrid MUs Commuter: YC1
JR Hokkaido multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: H5
Commuter: 721731733735
Limited Express: 785789
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 54KiHa 141KiHa 150KiHa 201
Limited Express: KiHa 183KiHa 261KiHa 281KiHa 283
Withdrawn AC EMUs Commuter: 711
Limited Express: 781
Dual-current EMUs Limited Express: 485583
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 22KiHa 45KiHa 130
Express: KiHa 56
Limited Express: KiHa 80
Non-revenue: KiHa 160KiHa 285
Future DMUs Commuter: H100
JR Shikoku multiple units
Active DC EMUs Commuter: 1131215000600070007200
Limited Express: 80008600
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 32KiHa 40KiHa 54100012001500
Limited Express: KiHa 18520002600
Withdrawn DC EMUs Commuter: 111
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 45
Express: KiHa 57KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 181
Future DMUs Limited Express: 2700
Railway Technical Research Institute multiple units
Active DC BEMUs Non-revenue: LH02
Dual-current EMUs Non-revenue: FGT-9000
Fuel cell MUs Non-revenue: R291
Withdrawn Dual-current EMUs Non-revenue: GCT01GCT01-200
Maglev Non-revenue: ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JGR/JNR multiple units
JGR Wooden-bodied EMUs Commuter: 1963625062606280628563006310634033400335004320063100
Steel-bodied EMUs Commuter: 303132334042505162637072
Express: 5280
Non-revenue EMUs Non-revenue: 793493
DMUs Constant mesh gearbox: KiHa 01KiHa 04KiHa 07KiHa 5000KiHa 40000
Diesel-electric: KiHaNi 36450KiHa 43000KiHa 44000
Miscellaneous: KiSaHa 04
JNR AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100200
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
Commuter: 711713715717
Limited Express: 781
DC EMUs Commuter: 101103105111113115117119121123201203205207211213301
Limited Express: 151153155157159161165167169181183185189381
Non-revenue: 141143145147191193443495791
Proposed: 187
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415417419
Limited Express: 455485489583
Non-revenue: 591
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 08KiHa 10KiHa 15KiHa 20KiHa 31KiHa 32KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 40KiHa 45KiHa 54KiHa 66
Express: KiHa 55KiHa 56KiHa 57KiHa 58KiHa 60KiHa 65KiHa 90
Limited Express: KiHa 80KiHa 181KiHa 183KiHa 185
Non-revenue: KiYa 191KiHa 391