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400 Series Shinkansen
Shinkansen-400-tsubasa old-color
A 400 Series Shinkansen in its original livery.
Details

Years built

1992–1995

Builder(s)

Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation

Number Produced

12 sets (84 cars)

Formations

7 cars per set

Years in Operation

1 July 1992 – 18 April 2010

Fleet Numbers

L1–L12

Classification

Unknown

Type of Electric Train

EMU

Dimensions
(l × w × h)

898.6 in (22,825 mm) x 116 in (2,947 mm)

Number Operational

None

Number Preserved

1 car

Number Scrapped

83 cars

Power Source

pantograph

Electric system(s)

20/25 kV AC (50 Hz)

Gauge

4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm)

V - E - T - D
JR East Shinkansen 400(renewal)

A 400 Series working with an E4 set. Note that this is a refurbished 400, per the two tone paint work.

The 400 Series Shinkansen is a high-speed EMU. They were built for the mini-Shinkansen line; the Yamagata branch line. Built between 1992 and 1995 they were designed to be shorter and narrower for the upgraded line operated by JR East. The whole fleet of 400 Series trainsets was refurbished between 1999 and 2001. They were withdrawn starting 2008 and ending with L3 on the 18th of April 2010.

DesignEdit

These trainsets had to be built much narrower than other Shinkansen trainsets. The Yamagata line is an upgraded line, from narrow gauge to standard gauge. Though the gauge is the same as the main lines, the infrastructure wasn't built for such wide vehicles such as the 300 Series. So narrow was the 400 Series that when the train stopped at main Shinkansen lines, steps had to extend from beneath the doors so passengers could get to the platform.

FormationEdit

There was a pre-production set (S4) made in October 1990. It had a 6-car layout; all the cars were powered. The set differed from production sets by having seat-back TV screens. Testing began on the 14th of November 1990. This series may have been smaller, but it wasn't slower... it was faster. On the 26th of March 1991 S4 set a new Japanese speed record of 208 mph (336 km/h), on the Joetsu line in the Yuzawa Tunnel. And to top that, S4 did 214 mph (345 km/h) on the 19th of September 1991, over the same piece of track. S4 was later modified to production standards becoming L1 on the 29th of June 1992.

In late-1995 a 7th car was added to the sets. This unpowered car took position 5 in the sets.

SpecificationsEdit

Construction was of steel, and a single set could cater for 399 (379 standard + 20 Green class) passengers. The end cars are 22.8 meters long and the intermediate cars are 20.5 meters long. Top speed is 150 mph (240 km/h) for the Tohoku line, and 81 mph (130 km/h) for the Yamagata line. It took 20/25 kV, AC at 50 Hz.

PreservationEdit

However most of the first eleven sets where withdrawn and all scrapped, but one car (Green Car 411-3) of the last set to be withdrawn, L3, was stored at Fukushima, but was later moved to the Saitama Railway Museum in December 2017, where it is to be preserved; the car has since been painted back into its original livery.

ReferencesEdit

Shinkansen
Active JR West 500700N700W7
JR East E2E3E4E5E6E7
JR Central 700N700
JR Kyushu N700800
JR Hokkaido H5
Withdrawn JR West 0100300
JR East 200400E1
JR Central 0100300
Future JR Central L0N700S
Non-revenue JNR Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
JR West Class 922Class 923WIN350
JR East Class 925E926ALFA-XFastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
JR Central Class 922Class 923300X
RTRI FGT-9000GCT01GCT01-200ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JR East multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: E2E3E4E5E6E7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: E926
Commuter: 701719E721
Limited Express: E751
DC EMUs Commuter: 115E127E129205209211215E217E231E233E235
Limited Express: 185189251253255E257E259E353
Non-revenue: 143145209-0
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 415E501E531
Limited Express: 485651E653E657
Charter: E655
Non-revenue: E491
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 100KiHa E120KiHa E130KiHa 141
Express: KiHa 58
Non-revenue: KiYa E193KiYa E195
AC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E801
DC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E301
Non-revenue: E995
Hybrid MUs Commuter: KiHa E200HB-E210
Charter: E001HB-E300
Other MUs Non-revenue: E991
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 200400E1
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 925Fastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
Commuter: 715717
Non-revenue: 740743
DC EMUs Commuter: 12101103105107113123201203207301E331
Limited Express: 157165167169183E351
Non-revenue: 90193901E993
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 417451453455457
Limited Express: 489583
Non-revenue: 441443497E991
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 45
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
Hybrid MUs Non-revenue: KiYa E991
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: ALFA-X
DC EMUs Limited Express: E261
DMUs Commuter: GV-E400
JR multiple units
Shinkansen
Active JR West 500700N700W7
JR East E2E3E4E5E6E7
JR Central 700N700
JR Kyushu N700800
JR Hokkaido H5
Withdrawn JR West 0100300
JR East 200400E1
JR Central 0100300
Future JR Central L0N700S
Non-revenue JNR Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
JR West Class 922Class 923WIN350
JR East Class 925E926ALFA-XFastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
JR Central Class 922Class 923300X
RTRI FGT-9000GCT01GCT01-200ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JR East multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: E2E3E4E5E6E7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: E926
Commuter: 701719E721
Limited Express: E751
DC EMUs Commuter: 115E127E129205209211215E217E231E233E235
Limited Express: 185189251253255E257E259E353
Non-revenue: 143145209-0
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 415E501E531
Limited Express: 485651E653E657
Charter: E655
Non-revenue: E491
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 100KiHa E120KiHa E130KiHa 141
Express: KiHa 58
Non-revenue: KiYa E193KiYa E195
AC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E801
DC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E301
Non-revenue: E995
Hybrid MUs Commuter: KiHa E200HB-E210
Charter: E001HB-E300
Other MUs Non-revenue: E991
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 200400E1
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 925Fastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
Commuter: 715717
Non-revenue: 740743
DC EMUs Commuter: 12101103105107113123201203207301E331
Limited Express: 157165167169183E351
Non-revenue: 90193901E993
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 417451453455457
Limited Express: 489583
Non-revenue: 441443497E991
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 45
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
Hybrid MUs Non-revenue: KiYa E991
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: ALFA-X
DC EMUs Limited Express: E261
DMUs Commuter: GV-E400
JR West multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: 500700N700W7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 923
DC EMUs Commuter: 103105113115117123125201205207213221223225227321323
Limited Express: 281283285287289381
Non-revenue: 145213/223-9000443
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415521
Limited Express: 681683
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 120KiHa 121/126KiHa 122/127
Limited Express: KiHa 187KiHa 189
Non-revenue: KiYa 141
Hybrid DEMUs Charter: 87
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100300
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922WIN350
DC EMUs Commuter: 4283101211
Limited Express: 165167183
Non-revenue: 9091441
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 419455457471475
Limited Express: 485489583
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 33KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 45KiHa 52
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 181
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
JR Central multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: 700N700
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 923
DC EMUs Commuter: 211213311313
Limited Express: 285373383
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 11KiHa 25KiHa 75
Limited Express: KiHa 85
Non-revenue: KiYa 95KiYa 97
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100300
Non-revenue Shinkansen: 300XClass 922
DC EMUs Commuter: 12103105113115117119123
Limited Express: 165371381
Non-revenue: 90145193
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 30KiHa 40
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 80
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: N700S
Maglevs Maglev: L0
DMUs Limited Express: Unclassified "Hida" locomotive
JR Kyushu multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: N700800
Commuter: 713811813815817
Limited Express: 783787883885
DC EMUs Commuter: 103303305
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 415
Limited Express: 485
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 31KiHa 40KiHa 66KiHa 125KiHa 200
Express: KiHa 58
Limited Express: KiHa 71KiHa 72KiHa 183KiHa 185
AC BEMUs Commuter: BEC819
Withdrawn AC EMUs Commuter: 715717
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 457475
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 45
Express: KiHa 65
Future AC EMUs Commuter: 821
Hybrid MUs Commuter: YC1
JR Hokkaido multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: H5
Commuter: 721731733735
Limited Express: 785789
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 54KiHa 141KiHa 150KiHa 201
Limited Express: KiHa 183KiHa 261KiHa 281KiHa 283
Withdrawn AC EMUs Commuter: 711
Limited Express: 781
Dual-current EMUs Limited Express: 485583
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 22KiHa 45KiHa 130
Express: KiHa 56
Limited Express: KiHa 80
Non-revenue: KiHa 160KiHa 285
Future DMUs Commuter: H100
JR Shikoku multiple units
Active DC EMUs Commuter: 1131215000600070007200
Limited Express: 80008600
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 32KiHa 40KiHa 54100012001500
Limited Express: KiHa 18520002600
Withdrawn DC EMUs Commuter: 111
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 45
Express: KiHa 57KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 181
Railway Technical Research Institute multiple units
Active DC BEMUs Non-revenue: LH02
Dual-current EMUs Non-revenue: FGT-9000
Fuel cell MUs Non-revenue: R291
Withdrawn Dual-current EMUs Non-revenue: GCT01GCT01-200
Maglev Non-revenue: ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JGR/JNR multiple units
JGR Wooden-bodied EMUs Commuter: 1963625062606280628563006310634033400335004320063100
Steel-bodied EMUs Commuter: 303132334042505162637072
Express: 5280
Non-revenue EMUs Non-revenue: 793493
DMUs Constant mesh gearbox: KiHa 01KiHa 04KiHa 07KiHa 5000KiHa 40000
Diesel-electric: KiHaNi 36450KiHa 43000KiHa 44000
Miscellaneous: KiSaHa 04
JNR AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100200
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
Commuter: 711713715717
Limited Express: 781
DC EMUs Commuter: 101103105111113115117119121123201203205207211213301
Limited Express: 151153155157159161165167169181183185189381
Non-revenue: 141143145147191193443495791
Proposed: 187
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415417419
Limited Express: 455485489583
Non-revenue: 591
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 08KiHa 10KiHa 15KiHa 20KiHa 31KiHa 32KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 40KiHa 45KiHa 54KiHa 66
Express: KiHa 55KiHa 56KiHa 57KiHa 58KiHa 60KiHa 65KiHa 90
Limited Express: KiHa 80KiHa 181KiHa 183KiHa 185
Non-revenue: KiYa 191KiHa 391