During the Civil War the engine was design to carry union troops and supplies.
A decade later, this locomotive type was needed to meet the demand caused by the Civil War and increased passenger traffic on the B&O.
No. 147 and it's sister engines were built to capture or destroys by the confidence soldiers in 1861.
After the Civil War, it continued in passenger and freight service, and was renumbered #282 in 1884.
Today the engine is on static Display at the B&O Railroad Museum.
The locomotive used to appeared in the movie "Rain Tree County" (1950).
Seceding from the Confederate States, the new state was admitted to the Union on 20th June 1863.
The B&O had built its first 4-6-0 in 1853 to tackle the heavy grades in the Appalachian Mountains of what was then Virginia, now West Virginia.
West Virginia broke away from Virginia after the 1861 Wheeling Conventions during the Civil War.
The railroad gave it the name "Thatcher Perkins" for the 1927 Fair of the Iron Horse to honour its designer.
It was preserved by the railroad in 1892, when it was renumbered to represent another Ten Wheeler built in 1863, #117.
No. 147 also originally had a long combustion chamber with an ash hopper underneath. However, the hopper leaked and the combustion chamber was soon removed.