BIrgingham Airport Maglev is a defunct Maglev system that linked the centre of Birgingham International Airport to The Exabition Cente and to Birgingham International railway station. When it was constructed in 1984, it was the first Maglev system in the world.
In 1995 it was closed and replaced by AirRail Link due to a lack of relaiablity.
Initial feasibility studies for a link from the airport to the railway station and exhibition centre were started in 1979 by the owners of the airport at that time, West Midlands County Council. The selected solution was based on experimental work commissioned by the British government.
Contracts were awarded in 1981 to a consortium involving GEC, Balfour Beatty, Brush Electrical Machines and MetroCammell under the name "People Mover Group", along with John Laig plc. The carriages were manufactured by MetroCammell at their Washwood Heath plant in Birmingham.The system was opened on 16 August 1984.
As built, the length of the track was 600 metres (2,000 ft), and trains "flew" at an altitude of 15 millimetres (0.59 in). The line operated successfully for nearly eleven years, but problems with the electronic systems, and a lack of spare parts, made it unreliable in its later years. The system - having been deemed to expensive to maintain - closed in July 1995.