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E3 Series Shinkansen
E3-1000 L55 Tōhoku 2017
Reliveried E3-1000 Series set L55 on the Tōhoku Shinkansen in November 2017.
Details

Year(s) built

1995 – 2009

Builder(s)

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation

Number Produced

261 cars (41 sets)

Formations

6 or 7 cars per set

Years in Operation

22 March 1997 – Present

Fleet Numbers

R1 – R26, L51 – L55, L61 – L72

Classification

Unknown

Type of Electric Train

EMU

Dimensions
(l × w × h)

789 – 908 in (20,050 – 23,070 mm) (end cars) × 116 in (2,945 mm) × 160.6 in (4,080 mm)

Number Operational

139 cars (21 sets)

Number Preserved

Unknown

Number Scrapped

122 cars (20 sets)

Power Source

Pantograph

Electric system(s)

20/25 kV AC (50 Hz)

Gauge

4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm)

V - E - T - D

The E3 Series Shinkansen is a high-speed EMU in Japan. It was built from 1995 – 2010 for the Komachi service on the Akita line owned by JR East.

DesignEdit

Very similar in design requirements to the 400 Series, the E3 was designed to be narrower and lighter than main-line Shinkansen sets for the Akita line, that was up-graded and re-gauged to fit the rest of the Shinkansen network by 1997.

VariantsEdit

The first E3 Series to be made was a pre-production unit numbered S8. This 5-car set was delivered from Kawasaki Heavy Industries in March 1995 for testing. By March 1997 it was modified to production standards and renumbered R1; set R1 was withdrawn on 20 July 2013.

E3 Series setsEdit

These 5-car sets, later modified to 6-car sets in 1998, were the first production sets. They were numbered R1 to R26, and produced between 1996 and 2005. Cars 12 and 15 hold the pantographs. As of February 2017, only four sets (R18, R19, R21, R22), of which two remain unmodified, remain in service; all other sets have been retired and scrapped.

E3-1000 setsEdit

Three of these 7-car sets were built between 1999 and 2005. Numbered L51-55, the sets operate on the Yamagata line. Cars 12 and 14 hold the pantographs. Set L54 was converted from sets R24 and R25, while set L55 was converted from sets R23 and R26; sets L51 and L52 were removed from service in 2014 and 2015 respectively and scrapped.

E3-2000 setsEdit

These 7-car sets were built between 2008 and 2010. Numbered L61 to 72 they are to have replaced the 400-Series completely by 2009. Cars 12 and 14 hold the pantographs.

Toreiyu ShinkansenEdit

This six-car excursion set was converted from set R18 and entered service on 25 June 2014. With the exterior design done by Ken Okuyama, the train can seat 143; car 11 has standard 2+2 abreast reserved seating, cars 12 to 14 have tatami (Japanese-style mats) seating, car 15 acts as a lounge car with a bar counter and car 16 has ashiyu foot baths. The set entered service on 19 July 2014 and normally runs Toreiyu Tsubasa services on the Yamagata Shinkansen during the weekends.

Genbi ShinkansenEdit

This six-car excursion set was converted from set R19 and entered service on 29 April 2016. The exterior design was done by Japanese photographer Mika Ninagawa. Car 11 has standard 2+2 abreast reserved seating with art by Nao Matsumoto made of yellow motifs with window shades having a special dye that displays art as the train passes through tunnels. Car 12 is an art gallery space with art by Yusuke Komuta, with stainless steel mirrors on the walls that reflect the outside landscape. Car 13 has a small cafeteria and a children's play area, with art on the walls done by Art Unit Paramodel which resembles Tomica Plarail tracks, with the cafe area being designed by Kentaro Kobuke. Cars 14 to 16 are all art gallery spaces; car 14 showcases an alpine photography exhibition as taken by Naoki Ishikawa, car 15 showcases an abstract flower arrangement artpiece by Haruka Koujin that vibrates with the train's motion, and car 16 showcases a short film by Brian Alfred depicting Niigata's scenery. This set entered service on 29 April 2016; the set runs on the Jōetsu Shinkansen and is mostly used during the weekends.

VariationsEdit

SpecificationsEdit

  • Built: 1995-2010
  • Builder: Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation
  • Number built: 41 sets
  • Formation: 6 to 7 cars per set
  • Capacity (people): R sets: 338 (315 standard + 23 Green (luxury) class),
    E3-1000 sets: 402 (379 standard + 23 Green (luxury) class),
    E3-2000 sets: 394 (371 standard + 23 Green (luxury) class)
  • Car body construction: Aluminum
  • Car length: 65 ft 9 in to 75 ft 8 in (20,050 mm to 23,070 mm)
  • Width: 9 ft 8 in (2,945 mm)
  • Maximum speed: 171 mph (275 km/h) (Tohoku line), 81 mph (130 km/h) (Akita/Yamagata lines)
  • Electrical system: 20/25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead wires
  • Collection method: Pantograph
  • Gauge: 4ft 8½ in (1,435 mm)

ReferencesEdit

Shinkansen
Active JR West 500700N700W7
JR East E2E3E4E5E6E7
JR Central 700N700
JR Kyushu N700800
JR Hokkaido H5
Withdrawn JR West 0100300
JR East 200400E1
JR Central 0100300
Future JR Central L0N700S
Non-revenue JNR Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
JR West Class 922Class 923WIN350
JR East Class 925E926ALFA-XFastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
JR Central Class 922Class 923300X
RTRI FGT-9000GCT01GCT01-200ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JR East multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: E2E3E4E5E6E7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: E926
Commuter: 701719E721
Limited Express: E751
DC EMUs Commuter: 115E127E129205209211215E217E231E233E235
Limited Express: 185189251253255E257E259E353
Non-revenue: 143145209-0
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 415E501E531
Limited Express: 485651E653E657
Charter: E655
Non-revenue: E491
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 100KiHa E120KiHa E130KiHa 141
Express: KiHa 58
Non-revenue: KiYa E193KiYa E195
AC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E801
DC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E301
Non-revenue: E995
Hybrid MUs Commuter: KiHa E200HB-E210
Charter: E001HB-E300
Other MUs Non-revenue: E991
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 200400E1
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 925Fastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
Commuter: 715717
Non-revenue: 740743
DC EMUs Commuter: 12101103105107113123201203207301E331
Limited Express: 157165167169183E351
Non-revenue: 90193901E993
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 417451453455457
Limited Express: 489583
Non-revenue: 441443497E991
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 45
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
Hybrid MUs Non-revenue: KiYa E991
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: ALFA-X
DC EMUs Limited Express: E261
DMUs Commuter: GV-E400
JR multiple units
Shinkansen
Active JR West 500700N700W7
JR East E2E3E4E5E6E7
JR Central 700N700
JR Kyushu N700800
JR Hokkaido H5
Withdrawn JR West 0100300
JR East 200400E1
JR Central 0100300
Future JR Central L0N700S
Non-revenue JNR Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
JR West Class 922Class 923WIN350
JR East Class 925E926ALFA-XFastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
JR Central Class 922Class 923300X
RTRI FGT-9000GCT01GCT01-200ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JR East multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: E2E3E4E5E6E7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: E926
Commuter: 701719E721
Limited Express: E751
DC EMUs Commuter: 115E127E129205209211215E217E231E233E235
Limited Express: 185189251253255E257E259E353
Non-revenue: 143145209-0
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 415E501E531
Limited Express: 485651E653E657
Charter: E655
Non-revenue: E491
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 100KiHa E120KiHa E130KiHa 141
Express: KiHa 58
Non-revenue: KiYa E193KiYa E195
AC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E801
DC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E301
Non-revenue: E995
Hybrid MUs Commuter: KiHa E200HB-E210
Charter: E001HB-E300
Other MUs Non-revenue: E991
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 200400E1
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 925Fastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
Commuter: 715717
Non-revenue: 740743
DC EMUs Commuter: 12101103105107113123201203207301E331
Limited Express: 157165167169183E351
Non-revenue: 90193901E993
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 417451453455457
Limited Express: 489583
Non-revenue: 441443497E991
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 45
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
Hybrid MUs Non-revenue: KiYa E991
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: ALFA-X
DC EMUs Limited Express: E261
DMUs Commuter: GV-E400
JR West multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: 500700N700W7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 923
DC EMUs Commuter: 103105113115117123125201205207213221223225227321323
Limited Express: 281283285287289381
Non-revenue: 145213/223-9000443
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415521
Limited Express: 681683
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 120KiHa 121/126KiHa 122/127
Limited Express: KiHa 187KiHa 189
Non-revenue: KiYa 141
Hybrid DEMUs Charter: 87
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100300
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922WIN350
DC EMUs Commuter: 4283101211
Limited Express: 165167183
Non-revenue: 9091441
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 419455457471475
Limited Express: 485489583
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 33KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 45KiHa 52
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 181
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
JR Central multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: 700N700
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 923
DC EMUs Commuter: 211213311313
Limited Express: 285373383
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 11KiHa 25KiHa 75
Limited Express: KiHa 85
Non-revenue: KiYa 95KiYa 97
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100300
Non-revenue Shinkansen: 300XClass 922
DC EMUs Commuter: 12103105113115117119123
Limited Express: 165371381
Non-revenue: 90145193
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 30KiHa 40
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 80
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: N700S
Maglevs Maglev: L0
DMUs Limited Express: Unclassified "Hida" locomotive
JR Kyushu multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: N700800
Commuter: 713811813815817
Limited Express: 783787883885
DC EMUs Commuter: 103303305
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 415
Limited Express: 485
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 31KiHa 40KiHa 66KiHa 125KiHa 200
Express: KiHa 58
Limited Express: KiHa 71KiHa 72KiHa 185
Charter: KiHa 183-1000
AC BEMUs Commuter: BEC819
Withdrawn AC EMUs Commuter: 715717
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 457475
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 45
Express: KiHa 65
Future AC EMUs Commuter: 821
Hybrid MUs Commuter: YC1
JR Hokkaido multiple units
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: H5
Commuter: 721731733735
Limited Express: 785789
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 54KiHa 141KiHa 150KiHa 201
Limited Express: KiHa 183KiHa 261KiHa 281KiHa 283
Withdrawn AC EMUs Commuter: 711
Limited Express: 781
Dual-current EMUs Limited Express: 485583
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 22KiHa 45KiHa 130
Express: KiHa 56
Limited Express: KiHa 80
Non-revenue: KiHa 160KiHa 285
Future DMUs Commuter: H100
JR Shikoku multiple units
Active DC EMUs Commuter: 1131215000600070007200
Limited Express: 80008600
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 32KiHa 40KiHa 54100012001500
Limited Express: KiHa 18520002600
Withdrawn DC EMUs Commuter: 111
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 45
Express: KiHa 57KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 181
Future DMUs Limited Express: 2700
Railway Technical Research Institute multiple units
Active DC BEMUs Non-revenue: LH02
Dual-current EMUs Non-revenue: FGT-9000
Fuel cell MUs Non-revenue: R291
Withdrawn Dual-current EMUs Non-revenue: GCT01GCT01-200
Maglev Non-revenue: ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JGR/JNR multiple units
JGR Wooden-bodied EMUs Commuter: 1963625062606280628563006310634033400335004320063100
Steel-bodied EMUs Commuter: 303132334042505162637072
Express: 5280
Non-revenue EMUs Non-revenue: 793493
DMUs Constant mesh gearbox: KiHa 01KiHa 04KiHa 07KiHa 5000KiHa 40000
Diesel-electric: KiHaNi 36450KiHa 43000KiHa 44000
Miscellaneous: KiSaHa 04
JNR AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100200
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
Commuter: 711713715717
Limited Express: 781
DC EMUs Commuter: 101103105111113115117119121123201203205207211213301
Limited Express: 151153155157159161165167169181183185189381
Non-revenue: 141143145147191193443495791
Proposed: 187
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415417419
Limited Express: 455485489583
Non-revenue: 591
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 08KiHa 10KiHa 15KiHa 20KiHa 31KiHa 32KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 40KiHa 45KiHa 54KiHa 66
Express: KiHa 55KiHa 56KiHa 57KiHa 58KiHa 60KiHa 65KiHa 90
Limited Express: KiHa 80KiHa 181KiHa 183KiHa 185
Non-revenue: KiYa 191KiHa 391