Very similar in design requirements to the 400-Series, the E3 was designed to be narrower and lighter than main-line Shinkansens for the Akita line, that was up-graded and re-gauged to fit the rest of the Shinkansen network by 1997.
The first E3-Series to be made was a pre-production unit numbered S8. This 5-car set was delivered from Kawasaki Heavy Industries in March 1995 for testing. By March 1997 it was modified to production standards.
R (E3) setsEdit
These 5-car sets, later modified to 6-car sets in 1998, were the first production sets. They were numbered R1 to 16, and produced between 1996 and 2005. Cars 12 and 15 held the pantographs.
Three of these 7-car sets were built between 1999 and 2005. Numbered L51-53, they work on the Yamagata line. Cars 12 and 14 held the pantographs.
These 7-car sets were built between 2008 and 2010. Numbered L61 to 72 they are to have replaced the 400-Series completely by 2009. Cars 12 and 14 hold the pantographs.
- Built: 1995-2010
- Builder: Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation
- Number built: 41 sets
- Formation: 6 to 7 cars per set
- Capacity (people): R sets: 338 (315 standard + 23 Green (luxury) class),
E3-1000 sets: 402 (379 standard + 23 Green (luxury) class),
E3-2000 sets: 394 (371 standard + 23 Green (luxury) class)
- Car body construction: Aluminum
- Car length: 65 ft 9 in to 75 ft 8 in (20,050 mm to 23,070 mm)
- Width: 9 ft 8 in (2,945 mm)
- Maximum speed: 171 mph (275 km/h) (Tohoku line), 81 mph (130 km/h) (Akita/Yamagata lines)
- Electrical system: 20/25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead wires
- Collection method: Pantograph
- Gauge: 4ft 8½ in (1,435 mm)