New York Central No. 5344 is a class J-1e 4-6-4 steam locomotive it was built by Alco in 1927 for the New York Central railroad.
This locomotive was designed to haul passenger trains, including the 20th Century Limited for the New York Central.
No. 5344 was built with the inverted bathtub shrouding designed by Henry Dreyfuss. It was also fitted with slightly smaller cylinders (to fit within the streamlined casing), but at a higher boiler pressure. The streamlining was removed shortly afterwards.
No. 5344 was often used to haul freight trains due to many NYC Hudsons being occupied pulling passenger trains; in later years, diesel-electric locomotives hauled the passenger trains.
As diesels flooded the NYC, No. 5344 and its sisters saw the end coming nearer and nearer.
No. 5344 was finally retired from service on February 14, 1957 and scrapped.
No.5344 was named Commodore Vanderbilt after a pioneer of the NYC.
There is also a Lionel model of the No. 5344 known as the 700e. There is both the original and the Legacy Visions Line version.