No. 1223 hauled freight between Toledo and Chicago in the years immediately before and after World War II.
When Pere Marquette was absorbed by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, 1223 was assigned number 2657 but never had the new number applied.
The locomotive was withdrawn from service in 1951 and it was put in storage.
After retirement, 1223 was moved to New Buffalo, Michigan to be scrapped. However she was repainted and moved in 1960 for display at the state fairgrounds in Detroit. The money for that was provided by the donations collected by schoolchildren around the Detroit area.
In 1980, Michigan State Fair officials wanted to expand the grandstands, but 1223 stood in the way. The City of Grand Haven won the bidding process.
Today, the locomotive is on static display at a park in Grand Haven, Michigan.
- No. parts from 1223 were used to restore sister engine 1225 to operating condition, due to the objections of the Michigan Railroad Club, then unofficial custodians of the engine.
- She is one of two surviving Pere Marquette 2-8-4 (Berkshire) engines.
- Its weight, however, restricted it and all the other PM Berkshires to the lines from Toledo, OH, to Saginaw, MI, Detroit to Grand Rapids, MI, and Grand Rapids to Chicago, IL.
- The locomotive was not paid off at the time and the merger agreement stated that equipment still under trust was to remain in Pere Marquette livery.
- The city of Grand Haven won the bidding process and, with the help of the Michigan National Guard, as well as the Grand Trunk Western and Chessie System railroads, #1223 was moved to Grand Haven on 1st September 1981.