Western & Atlantic Railroad No. 3, named The General, is a type of 4-4-0 "American Standard" steam locomotive that was built in 1855 by The Rogers, Ketchum & Grosvenor Company of Paterson, New Jersey for the Western and Atlantic Railroad, and was involved in the "Great Locomotive Chase" of the American Civil War. (To whom it was owned by the Confederacy of the United States during the Civil War)
During the Civil War, the "General" was design to hauled freight and passenger trains between Atlanta, GA, and Chattanooga, TN.
It often transported Confederate soldiers as well as numerous officers, including the famous Robert E. Lee.
After the war, the "General" continued on the Western & Atlantic. When the railroad began numbering engines, as it was the 39th acquired, the "General" was numbered #39.
The General retired from service in 1891 and it was stored on a siding in Vinings, GA, until it was restored for display at the 1899 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, IL.
The locomotive is preserved on static display at the Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History in Kennesaw, Georgia, and it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The "Great Locomotive Chase" was an event which occurred April 12, 1862, in northern Georgia when the General was hijacked by a group of Union spies led by James J. Andrews while the train was stopped for breakfast at Big Shanty (now Kennesaw, Georgia). Their goal was burn bridges, destroy telegraph lines, and railroad tracks between Atlanta, GA, and Chattanooga, TN. The train's conductor, William A. Fuller, pursued the train, first on foot, then on a push-cart, and later on other locomotives encountered, one of which being the Texas. After an eight hour pursuit, and just two miles north of Ringgold, GA the General had run out of fuel and the spies abandoned it.
In 1890, the Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway overhauled the General and provided the locomotive for public events and to promote the line's Civil War history (to drum up the tourism trade) up through the 1930s.
When The General of The Great Locomotive Chase fame was undergoing restoration in 1962 by the L&N, the Combine Car No. 665 also known as the "Jim Crow Car" it was hooked up to The General to test how well the engine was repaired. During the trips the Combine Car held several different artifacts related to the Chase, for its passengers to admire.
The General has also operated several steam excursions, and has also participated in many special events. Two of which, were used to commemorate the 2,500th diesel locomotive produced by EMD, and celebrating the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg. The General is considered to be among one of the most famous and iconic steam locomotives in the US.
The General and The Texas are both remaining 4-4-0's from the Western & Atlantic Railroad and they are both on static displays and they also broke some Speed Records during the chase.
In 1948 The General was invited to the 1948 Railroad Fair in Chicago, Illinois.
In 1964 The General was on display at the Better Living Center during the 1964 Season of the New York World's Fair.
This is the Robert E. Lee memorialized in The Band's song The Night They Drove Ole Dixie Down. Many people think it was a steamboat, but Virgil Cane (sp?) in the song is a Confederate railroad soldier.
The General went through several "mishaps" during the war, being severely damaged in one raid in 1864 and rebuilt in 1871.
The General used to featured a three-dome configuration and ankle-rails instead of running boards during the war.
The General used to have three-dome configuration and ankle-rails from 1855 To 1864 cause today it was closely resembles the real one's post-1890s appearance.
From 1901-1959 it used to be on static display at Chattanooga Union Depot in Chattanooga, Tennessee.